Newly Characterized Genes

CHECK HERE FOR DESCRIPTIONS OF NEWLY CHARACTERIZED MAIZE GENES!

With the overwhelming number of genes that are being discovered by phenotypic and sequence analyses, the MaizeGDB staff is missing some that should be included in MaizeGDB. We need your help! Please let us know about new genes that you're working on or have recently read about.

MaizeGDB prefers not to assign formal gene names to gene models based purely on orthology. Known difficulties include inclusivity (there are over 10,000 functionally characterized Arabidopsis genes)* and some likelihood of errors in inferred functions. Unlike gene models, gene names are generally conserved unless differently named genes are found to be allelic. Of particular note, naming priveleges are customarily held by researchers who first confirm function.

We encourage researchers to use the annotation tool on the MaizeGDB gene model pages to add their insights about putative function, especially when not currently part of the Phytozome or Gramene pipelines.

Below is a list of newly reported or newly characterized genes (new reference, new gene product, and/or new variation) with which you may not yet be familiar. The genes are sorted by the last time the gene has been updated. To suggest genes for inclusion in this list, email us and include the gene name, full name, chromosome or bin, and a recent reference.

If you cannot find the gene you would like to recommend in the database, send us an email so that we can add it to the database!

This page is based on our monthly release. The updates are made around 4:00am CST.


         Recommended Genes


One month | Six months | One year | All time

New or updated genes since one month ago. The cutoff date is September 13th, 2019.

Last UpdateGeneFull Name : DescriptionChromosome
or Bin
Gene
Model
Recent ReferenceOrthologsUpdate information
5 days agotcptf39 TCP-transcription factor 39: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Gyawali, A et al. 2019. BMC Plant Biology 19:412     Reference: October 8th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
6 days agostk2 serine-threonine kinase2: Sequence orthologous to rice stk2, in maize BAC contig overlapping b0178I03 and b0004G18 (Alleman 2006)
2.04
GRMZM2G179268
Javeed, A et al. 2019. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 17:1789-11802     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: May 13th, 2014
Gene Model: January 9th, 2017
Recommended by Ed Coe:
May 1st, 2007
6 days agoae1 amylose extender1: glassy, tarnished endosperm; high amylose content; application: highly linear starch is used for food films, fibers, and other industrial purposes
5.04
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: June 6th, 2011
Variation: January 29th, 2018
6 days agoafd1 absence of first division1: male and female sterility; early meiosis
6.07
GRMZM2G059037
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118   AT5G05490 (TAIR)
LOC_Os05g50410 (MSU/TIGR)
Os05g0580500 (Gramene)
Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: July 30th, 2009
Variation: August 11th, 2011
Gene Model: July 14th, 2011
6 days agobt1 brittle endosperm1: mature kernel collapsed, angular, often translucent and brittle (alleles sh3, sh5)
5.04
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: February 24th, 2015
Variation: March 16th, 2018
6 days agobt2 brittle endosperm2: like bt1; endosperm ADPG pyrophosphorylase subunit; with sh2 complements E. coli glgC
4.05
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2014
Variation: December 4th, 2018
6 days agodu1 dull endosperm1: glassy, tarnished endosperm; encodes a starch synthase III, that with an isoamylase-type debranching enzyme represses accumulation of phytoglycogen
10.03
GRMZM2G141399
Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: October 14th, 2016
Variation: June 29th, 2015
Gene Model: February 28th, 2012
6 days agomus1 MutS homolog1: cDNA similar to E. coli mutS
7.04
GRMZM2G056075
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: August 15th, 2005
Variation: January 28th, 2013
Gene Model: August 5th, 2015
6 days agose1 sugary-enhancer1: high sugar content with su1; light yellow endosperm; freely wrinkled in Ill677a
2.10 - 2.10
AC217415.3_FG004
Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: September 24th, 2019
Variation: May 4th, 2015
Gene Model: May 2nd, 2015
6 days agosh1 shrunken1: inflated endosperm collapses on drying, forming smoothly indented kernels; sucrose synthase-sh1 of endosperm (compare sus1 and sus2); homotetramer; SSRs phi028, 044, 033
9.01
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: October 25th, 2006
Variation: September 25th, 2017
6 days agosh2 shrunken2: inflated, transparent, sweet kernels collapse on drying, becoming angular and brittle; endosperm ADPG pyrophosphorylase subunit (compare bt2); application: "supersweet" sweet corn - kernels sugar-sweet for long period
3.09
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2014
Variation: January 9th, 2019
6 days agosu1 sugary1: endosperm wrinkled and translucent when dry; starch debranching enzyme I absent in developing endosperm, phytoglycogen but no debranching enzyme in germinating seeds; su1-am sugary-amylaceous; su1-st recessive starchy; application: the "sweet corn" gene - recessive kernels are creamy-sweet at milk stage
4.05
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: April 21st, 2016
Variation: June 6th, 2016
6 days agosu2 sugary2: endosperm glassy, translucent, sometimes wrinkled
6.04 - 6.05
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: October 14th, 2016
Variation: October 7th, 2010
6 days agowx1 waxy1: amylopectin (stained red by iodine) replaces amylose (blue staining) in endosperm and pollen; extensive allelic series; application: highly branched starch has gelling properties, used for food gels, adhesives, and other industrial purposes; SSRs phi022, 027, 061NCBI: granule-bound starch synthase 1, chloroplastic/amyloplastic
9.03
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: June 4th, 2008
Variation: March 8th, 2019
6 days agozpu1 pullulanase-type starch debranching enzyme1: single copy, cDNA clone similar to rice sequence; SSR umc1003The zpu1 gene encodes a pullulanase-type starch debranching enzyme. Analysis of plants homozygous for the zpu1-204 mutation reveal the genes role in starch catabolism. zpu1-204 endosperm accumulate maltooligosaccharides not found in wild type plants. zpu1-204 are also deficient for linear maltooligosaccharides.
2.05
GRMZM2G158043
Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: October 25th, 2011
Variation: June 29th, 2015
Gene Model: November 20th, 2014
6 days agozyp1 synaptonemal complex protein ZIPPER1: Homlogous to Yeast ZIPPER1 (ZIP1), Arabidopsis ZYP1 and rice ZEP1.
 
GRMZM2G143590
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: March 2nd, 2011
Variation: March 2nd, 2011
Gene Model: June 19th, 2014
6 days agosweet15a sugars will eventually be exported transporter15a:
4.05
GRMZM2G168365
Lopez-Coria, M et al. 2019. Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10100780     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
6 days agozip5 zinc-regulated, iron-regulated transporter-like protein5:
6.04
GRMZM2G064382
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: June 5th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 25th, 2018
6 days agosbe1 starch branching enzyme1: maize kernel cDNA sequence is similar to starch branching enzyme I of bacteria, encodes a putative 64-amino acid plastid transit peptide (aka sbe1)
5.03
   Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 5th, 2018
6 days agosbe3 starch branching enzyme3:
8.06
GRMZM2G005298
Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: June 6th, 2011
Variation: June 1st, 2011
Gene Model: September 23rd, 2018
6 days agosweet4c sugars will eventually be exported transporter4c: Mutants are defective in seed filling
5.04
GRMZM2G137954
Lopez-Coria, M et al. 2019. Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10100780   LOC_Os02g19820 (MSU/TIGR) Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Variation: November 3rd, 2015
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
6 days agosweet11a sugars will eventually be exported transporter11:
1.06
GRMZM2G368827
Lopez-Coria, M et al. 2019. Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10100780     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
6 days agohp3 histidine-containing phosphotransfer protein3:
4.08
GRMZM2G451604
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Variation: April 4th, 2015
Gene Model: April 4th, 2015
6 days agosu4 sugary4: duplicate factor: in combination with su3 gives sugary endosperm phenotype.
6.05
GRMZM2G090905
Tracy, WF et al. 2020. Plant Breed Rev 43:215-241     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: October 25th, 2011
Variation: June 3rd, 2011
Gene Model: October 24th, 2011
6 days agosweet6b sugars will eventually be exported transporter6b:
 
GRMZM2G416965
Lopez-Coria, M et al. 2019. Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10100780     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
6 days agosweet13b sugars will eventually be exported transporter13b:
 
GRMZM2G021706
Lopez-Coria, M et al. 2019. Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10100780     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Variation: February 17th, 2018
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
6 days agosweet14b sugars will eventually be exported transporter14b:
 
GRMZM2G015976
Lopez-Coria, M et al. 2019. Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10100780     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
6 days agodmc1 disrupted meiotic cDNA homolog1:
 
GRMZM2G109618
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Variation: May 12th, 2017
Gene Model: January 27th, 2017
6 days agomre11a meiotic recombination protein 11 homolog A: transgenic expression has positive role in plant salt tolerance (Luo et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G106056
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Variation: May 10th, 2017
Gene Model: January 27th, 2017
6 days agosweet13a sugars will eventually be exported transporter13a:
10.03
GRMZM2G173669
Lopez-Coria, M et al. 2019. Genes doi: 10.3390/genes10100780     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Variation: February 17th, 2018
Gene Model: December 28th, 2017
6 days agostk1 serine threonine kinase1: mutants have reduced pollen transmission
9.02
   Javeed, A et al. 2019. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 17:1789-11802     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Gene Product: May 13th, 2014
Variation: October 10th, 2018
6 days agobub3 budding inhibited by benzimidazoles homolog3: encodes WD40 repeat-like superfamily protein that is a mitotic checkpoint
9.02
GRMZM5G899300
Dukowic-Schulze, S et al. 2014. BMC Plant Biology 14:118     Reference: October 7th, 2019
Variation: January 16th, 2017
Gene Model: January 15th, 2017
8 days agozp27 27-kDa zein protein: proline rich; least abundant of zeins in endosperm, not clear if all in zp27 cluster
7.02
   Zhang, ZY et al. 2019. Plant Biotechnol J pp.doi: 10.1111/pbi.13273     Reference: October 5th, 2019
Gene Product: September 17th, 2010
Variation: September 16th, 2010
9 days agobd1 branched silkless1: ear silkless with indeterminate branches at base; tassel proliferated, bushy
7.05
GRMZM2G307119
Leiboff, S; Hake, S. 2019. Curr Biol pp.doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.044   At5g18560 (TAIR)
LOC_Os01g21820 (MSU/TIGR)
Os07g0669500 (Gramene)
Reference: October 4th, 2019
Gene Product: July 27th, 2009
Variation: August 13th, 2011
Gene Model: July 14th, 2011
9 days agora1 ramosa1: ear and tassel many-branched; tassel branches taper to tip
7.02
   Leiboff, S; Hake, S. 2019. Curr Biol pp.doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.044     Reference: October 4th, 2019
Gene Product: April 11th, 2007
Variation: August 20th, 2010
9 days agoub2 unbranched2: double mutant shows decrease in tassel branch number
 
   Leiboff, S; Hake, S. 2019. Curr Biol pp.doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.044     Reference: October 4th, 2019
Gene Product: July 5th, 2019
Variation: December 17th, 2014
9 days agofea4 fasciated ear4: Mutants are semidwarfed with fasciated ears and tassels as well as greatly enlarged vegetative and inflorescence meristems.
 
   Leiboff, S; Hake, S. 2019. Curr Biol pp.doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.044     Reference: October 4th, 2019
Gene Product: August 21st, 2018
Variation: July 7th, 2017
9 days agobde1 bearded-ear1: floral development MADS box transcription factor; recessive mutant has silky-polytypic-like ear
5.06
   Leiboff, S; Hake, S. 2019. Curr Biol pp.doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.044   AT2G45650 (TAIR) Reference: October 4th, 2019
Gene Product: April 1st, 2011
Variation: October 5th, 2009
9 days agozag1 Zea AGAMOUS homolog1: amino acid sequence, deduced from cDNA to inflorescence mRNA, 61% identical to Arabidopsis floral homeotic gene protein AG1; expression strong in female inflorescence; possibly pt1; SSR umc1187
6.05
   Leiboff, S; Hake, S. 2019. Curr Biol pp.doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.044     Reference: October 4th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 2nd, 2015
10 days agoxyl1 xylanase1: Encodes an endoxylanase synthesized by a tapetum mRNA; predominant protein on the surface of maize pollen
 
GRMZM2G170839
de O Buanafina, MM et al. 2019. Planta pp.doi: 10.1007/s00425-019-03288-y     Reference: October 3rd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: October 17th, 2018
Gene Model: October 15th, 2018
10 days agoasg75  : NCBI: similar to Arabidopsis lipase class 3 family protein
1.04
GRMZM5G882821
de O Buanafina, MM et al. 2019. Planta pp.doi: 10.1007/s00425-019-03288-y     Reference: October 3rd, 2019
Variation: September 19th, 2009
Gene Model: June 30th, 2017
11 days agorf2 restorer of fertility2: see rf1; cDNA prf2a complements E. coli mutant deficient in aldehyde dehydrogenase; mitochondrial
9.03
   Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: December 18th, 2006
11 days agoaldh22 aldehyde dehydrogenase22: NCBI: similar to Arabidopsis aldehyde dehydrogenase 22A1
7.06
GRMZM2G135341
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: April 11th, 2017
Gene Model: April 11th, 2017
11 days agogpn1 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate deHaseN1: cDNA sequence
4.05
GRMZM2G035268
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: June 8th, 2010
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
11 days agoaldh5 aldehyde dehydrogenase5: cDNA similar to rf2 (prf2d-exprA7); complements E. coli
3.09
GRMZM2G097706
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: June 28th, 2005
Variation: June 20th, 2012
Gene Model: September 30th, 2015
11 days agomis1 putative aldehyde dehydrogenase MIS1:
 
GRMZM2G090087
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 15th, 2011
Gene Model: January 22nd, 2016
11 days agoaldh7 aldehyde dehydrogenase7:
 
GRMZM2G365483
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh8 aldehyde dehydrogenase8:
 
GRMZM2G325115
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh14 aldehyde dehydrogenase14:
 
GRMZM2G060800
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh11 aldehyde dehydrogenase11:
 
GRMZM2G013214
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh15 aldehyde dehydrogenase15:
 
GRMZM2G119482
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh16 aldehyde dehydrogenase16:
 
GRMZM2G128114
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh18 aldehyde dehydrogenase18:
 
GRMZM2G122172
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh19 aldehyde dehydrogenase19:
 
GRMZM2G365440
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh23 aldehyde dehydrogenase23:
 
GRMZM2G407949
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh25 aldehyde dehydrogenase25:
 
GRMZM2G103546
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh26 aldehyde dehydrogenase26:
 
GRMZM2G135470
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh27 aldehyde dehydrogenase27:
 
GRMZM2G155502
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh28 aldehyde dehydrogenase28:
 
GRMZM2G354187
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh9 aldehyde dehydrogenase9:
 
GRMZM2G016189
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh10 aldehyde dehydrogenase10:
 
GRMZM5G811837
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh12 aldehyde dehydrogenase12:
 
GRMZM5G820733
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh13 aldehyde dehydrogenase13:
 
GRMZM2G118800
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh20 aldehyde dehydrogenase20:
 
GRMZM2G130440
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh24 aldehyde dehydrogenase24:
 
GRMZM2G398633
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh17 aldehyde dehydrogenase17:
5.05
GRMZM2G169458
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh21 aldehyde dehydrogenase21:
7.02
GRMZM2G001898
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 2nd, 2019
11 days agoaldh2 aldehyde dehydrogenase2: cDNA similar to rf2; transgene in E. coli shows aldehyde dehydrogenase activity, but unable to complement the ALDH deficient E. coli mutant; mitochondrial location inferred from presence of leader sequence
4.06
GRMZM2G125268
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: May 13th, 2009
Gene Model: September 30th, 2015
11 days agoaldh3 aldehyde dehydrogenase3: cDNA sequence similar to rf2; complements E. coli JA111 with defective ALDH
3.09
GRMZM2G071021
Zhou, ML et al. 2012. Funct Integr Genomics 12:683-691     Reference: October 2nd, 2019
Gene Product: June 28th, 2005
Variation: May 20th, 2009
Gene Model: October 6th, 2015
13 days agoznf1 zinc finger protein1: glucose starved, root tip cDNA
9.03
GRMZM5G836222
Marques, TL et al. 2020. Acta Scientiarum Agronomy 42: e43479     Reference: September 30th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 14th, 2019
Gene Model: January 13th, 2019
13 days agofbl41 F-box protein41: mutants have greater resistance to Rhizoctonia solani; rice overexpressing ZmFBL41 showed elevated susceptibility to R. solani.
 
GRMZM2G109140
Li, N et al. 2019. Nature Genetics pp.doi: 10.1038/s41588-019-0503-y     Reference: September 30th, 2019
Gene Product: July 25th, 2017
Variation: September 30th, 2019
Gene Model: September 30th, 2019
15 days agoscro1 scarecrow1: mRNA expressed in endodermis and quiescent center of root, influencing radial pattern
4.08
GRMZM2G131516
Hughes, TE et al. 2019. Development pp.doi: 10.1242/dev.177543     Reference: September 28th, 2019
Gene Product: June 24th, 2019
Variation: June 24th, 2019
Gene Model: November 11th, 2012
Recommended by Ed Coe:
January 25th, 2007
15 days agogras37 GRAS-transcription factor 37: In double mutants with scro1, most leaf veins are separated by one rather than two mesophyll cells Hughes et al., 2019)
 
   Hughes, TE et al. 2019. Development pp.doi: 10.1242/dev.177543     Reference: September 28th, 2019
Gene Product: June 24th, 2019
Variation: June 24th, 2019
16 days agogt1 grassy tillers1: numerous basal branches; vegetatively totipotent in combination with id1 and factors for perennialismputative transcription factor that reduces branching, and is induced by shade
1.04
GRMZM2G005624
Dong, ZB, et al. 2019. Nature communications. 10:3810     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: March 5th, 2012
Variation: August 18th, 2011
Gene Model: March 5th, 2012
16 days agopan1 pangloss1: Defines polarization in divisions of subsidiary mother cells at guard cells
 
GRMZM5G836190
Wang, HL, et al. 2019. PLoS Genetics. 15:e1008377     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: November 27th, 2012
Variation: July 11th, 2014
Gene Model: November 2nd, 2011
16 days agotb1 teosinte branched1: many tillers; ear branches tassel-like; affects apical dominanceGRASSIUS: TCP transcription factor (TCP1)
1.09
   Dong, ZB, et al. 2019. Nature communications. 10:3810     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 14th, 2016
Variation: February 2nd, 2017
16 days agowab1 Wavy auricles in blades1: dominant confers auricle tissue in blade portion of leafrecessive mutants showed extremely acute tassel branch angles accompanied by a significant reduction in the size of the pulvinus compared with normal plants
2.06 - 2.07
GRMZM2G110242
Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035   LOC_Os09g24480 (MSU/TIGR)
Os09g0410500 (Gramene)
Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 14th, 2016
Variation: November 2nd, 2014
Gene Model: November 2nd, 2014
16 days agocct1 CO CO-LIKE TIMING OF CAB1 protein domain1: photoperiod response locus; confers later flowering in teosintes under longer day lengths; many maize inbred lines, including some adapted to tropical regions, have cct1 alleles insensitive to photoperiod (Hung et al 2012)
 
GRMZM2G381691
Wang, C, et al. 2017. New Phytol. 0:doi: 10.1111/nph.14688   AT5G24930 (TAIR)
LOC_Os07g15770 (MSU/TIGR)
Os07g0261200 (Gramene)
Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: June 18th, 2018
Variation: December 27th, 2017
Gene Model: July 17th, 2012
16 days agotcptf10 TCP-transcription factor 10: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf11 TCP-transcription factor 11: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf12 TCP-transcription factor 12: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf13 TCP-transcription factor 13: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf14 TCP-transcription factor 14: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf15 TCP-transcription factor 15: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf16 TCP-transcription factor 16: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf18 TCP-transcription factor 18: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf19 TCP-transcription factor 19: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf20 TCP-transcription factor 20: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf21 TCP-transcription factor 21: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf22 TCP-transcription factor 22: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf23 TCP-transcription factor 23: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf24 TCP-transcription factor 24: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf25 TCP-transcription factor 25: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf26 TCP-transcription factor 26: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf27 TCP-transcription factor 27: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf28 TCP-transcription factor 28: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf30 TCP-transcription factor 30: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf31 TCP-transcription factor 31: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf32 TCP-transcription factor 32: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf34 TCP-transcription factor 34: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf35 TCP-transcription factor 35: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf36 TCP-transcription factor 36: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf37 TCP-transcription factor 37: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf38 TCP-transcription factor 38: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf4 TCP-transcription factor 4: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf40 TCP-transcription factor 40: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf41 TCP-transcription factor 41: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf42 TCP-transcription factor 42: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf44 TCP-transcription factor 44: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf5 TCP-transcription factor 5: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf6 TCP-transcription factor 6: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf7 TCP-transcription factor 7: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf8 TCP-transcription factor 8: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agotcptf9 TCP-transcription factor 9: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
16 days agobhlh82 bHLH-transcription factor 82: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Wang, HL, et al. 2019. PLoS Genetics. 15:e1008377     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 14th, 2016
Variation: August 30th, 2019
16 days agotcptf29 TCP-transcription factor 29: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
8.09
GRMZM2G148022
Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
Gene Model: September 24th, 2018
16 days agotga1 teosinte glume architecture1: glumes indurated, erect, long, boat-shaped; factor transferred from teosinte
4.05
GRMZM2G101511
Dong, ZB, et al. 2019. Nature communications. 10:3810     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: July 5th, 2019
Variation: May 7th, 2015
Gene Model: October 28th, 2011
16 days agotcptf33 TCP-transcription factor 33: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.similar to Arabidopsis transcription factor TCP4
3.01
AC205574.3_FG006
Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
Gene Model: November 22nd, 2017
16 days agotcptf43 TCP-transcription factor 43: Mapped upper band to this site.Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.simiiar to Arabidosis transcription factor TCP2
2.10
GRMZM2G020805
Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
Variation: February 28th, 2017
Gene Model: February 28th, 2017
16 days agotcptf2 TCP-transcription factor 2: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
4.09
GRMZM2G003944
Pecher, P et al. 2019. PloS Pathogens 15: e1008035     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: September 27th, 2019
Variation: March 17th, 2017
Gene Model: March 17th, 2017
16 days agopan2 pangloss2: Defines polarization in divisions of subsidiary mother cells at guard cells
 
GRMZM2G034572
Wang, HL, et al. 2019. PLoS Genetics. 15:e1008377     Reference: September 27th, 2019
Gene Product: November 27th, 2012
Variation: November 27th, 2012
Gene Model: November 27th, 2012
17 days agovpsh26 vacuolar protein sorting homolog26: endosperm cDNA 5C06F05 similar to conserved vertebrate embryogenesis protein
10.03
GRMZM2G136563
Chen, L et al. 2019. Plant Biotechnol J pp.doi: 10.1111/pbi.13267     Reference: September 26th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: October 15th, 2015
Gene Model: September 26th, 2019
17 days agovps29 vacuolar protein sorting29: Involved in kernel morphology variance
 
GRMZM2G068489
Chen, L et al. 2019. Plant Biotechnol J pp.doi: 10.1111/pbi.13267     Reference: September 26th, 2019
Variation: September 26th, 2019
Gene Model: September 26th, 2019
18 days agolls1 lethal leaf spot1: chlorotic-necrotic lesions resembling Helminthosporium carbonum infection
1.01
   Johal et al. 1994. Maydica 39:69-76     Reference: September 25th, 2019
Gene Product: November 5th, 2014
Variation: September 12th, 2018
18 days agoles22 lesion22: (was Les*-J2552, les29) dominant leaf lesions,early-medium timing, small size, white color; porphyria
1.04
GRMZM2G044074
Johal et al. 1994. Maydica 39:69-76     Reference: September 25th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: April 1st, 2015
Gene Model: August 16th, 2017
18 days agondl1 needle1: displays severe reproductive defects and strong genetic interactions with known mutants affected in the regulation of the plant hormone auxin
 
GRMZM2G038401
Liu, QJ et al. 2019. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA 116:19736-19742     Reference: September 25th, 2019
Gene Product: September 10th, 2019
Variation: September 10th, 2019
Gene Model: September 10th, 2019
19 days agoles1 lesion1: dominant Les1 plants have large necrotic lesions resembling disease lesions formed by fungal infections on susceptible lines
2.03 - 2.04
   Neuffer, MG et al. 1983. pp.123-134 in Reddy, GM and Coe, E. 1983. Oxford and IBH Pub, New Delhi     Reference: September 24th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
19 days agoles10 lesion10: like Les1; numerous small, round, necrotic lesions
2.04 - 2.06
   Neuffer, MG et al. 1983. pp.123-134 in Reddy, GM and Coe, E. 1983. Oxford and IBH Pub, New Delhi     Reference: September 24th, 2019
Variation: November 29th, 2004
19 days agoles2 lesion2: dominant Les2 plants have small white lesions resembling disease lesions formed by fungal infections on resistant lines
1.02 - 1.02
   Neuffer, MG et al. 1983. pp.123-134 in Reddy, GM and Coe, E. 1983. Oxford and IBH Pub, New Delhi     Reference: September 24th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
19 days agoles4 lesion4: dominant Les4 plants have late expression of large necrotic lesions on leaf blade and sheath
2.08 - 2.09
   Neuffer, MG et al. 1983. pp.123-134 in Reddy, GM and Coe, E. 1983. Oxford and IBH Pub, New Delhi     Reference: September 24th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
19 days agoles5 lesion5: like les2
1.05 - 1.06
   Neuffer, MG et al. 1983. pp.123-134 in Reddy, GM and Coe, E. 1983. Oxford and IBH Pub, New Delhi     Reference: September 24th, 2019
Variation: May 10th, 2015
19 days agoles6 lesion6: like les4, but with many small to medium, irregular, mottled spots
10.00 - 10.03
   Neuffer, MG et al. 1983. pp.123-134 in Reddy, GM and Coe, E. 1983. Oxford and IBH Pub, New Delhi     Reference: September 24th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
19 days agoles7 lesion7: dominant Les7 plants have late expression of small chlorotic lesions
 
   Neuffer, MG et al. 1983. pp.123-134 in Reddy, GM and Coe, E. 1983. Oxford and IBH Pub, New Delhi     Reference: September 24th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
19 days agoles11 lesion11: dominant Les11 plants have large lesions, variable with conditions and background; can be expressed in leaf 1 & 2
2.01 - 2.02
   Neuffer, MG et al. 1983. pp.123-134 in Reddy, GM and Coe, E. 1983. Oxford and IBH Pub, New Delhi     Reference: September 24th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
19 days agoles*-N1378 lesion candidate 1378: Time late (41-day, 11-leaf); small to large elliptical brown necrotic lesions on leaf blade, sheath; frequency 8-10 in clusters with satellites.
 
   Neuffer, MG et al. 1983. pp.123-134 in Reddy, GM and Coe, E. 1983. Oxford and IBH Pub, New Delhi     Reference: September 24th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
19 days agoles21 lesion21: Dominant Les21 plants have medium-sized early lesions
 
   Neuffer, MG et al. 1983. pp.123-134 in Reddy, GM and Coe, E. 1983. Oxford and IBH Pub, New Delhi     Reference: September 24th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
23 days agoabi12 ABI3-VP1-transcription factor 12: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Tian, JG, et al. 2019. Science. 365:658-664     Reference: August 22nd, 2019
Variation: September 20th, 2019
24 days agoglb1 globulin1: was prot1; electrophoretic mobility, null allele is known; embryo protein; SSRs phi011, 055, 094
1.09
   Zheng, XX et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00444     Reference: September 19th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 29th, 2015
24 days agoglb2 globulin2: presence-absence
1.11
   Zheng, XX et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00444     Reference: September 19th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: March 30th, 2009
24 days agolg1 liguleless1: In the liguleless1 mutant, ligule and auricle are missing; leaves are upright
2.01
   Ren, ZZ et al. 2019. Plant Biotechnol J pp.doi: 10.1111/pbi.13255     Reference: September 19th, 2019
Gene Product: December 18th, 2014
Variation: November 8th, 2007
24 days agovp1 viviparous1: embryo fails to become dormant, viable if transplanted; some alleles dormant; chlorophyll and carotenoids unaffected; anthocyanins in aleurone suppressed (aka vp4); cDNA
3.05
   Zheng, XX et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00444     Reference: September 19th, 2019
Gene Product: July 29th, 2015
Variation: August 22nd, 2013
24 days agoesp5 embryo specific protein5: (was Emb5); cDNA clone, embryo specific, ABA responsive, deduced amino acid sequence very hydrophilic and gly/glu-rich (aka emb5)
6.05
GRMZM2G162659
Zheng, XX et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00444     Reference: September 19th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
24 days agopyl3 pyrabactin resistance-like protein3: plays role in plant drought resistance (He et al., 2018)
 
GRMZM2G154987
Zheng, XX et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00444     Reference: September 19th, 2019
Gene Product: April 21st, 2018
Gene Model: April 21st, 2018
24 days agoili1 increased leaf inclination1: knockout mutants confer decreased leaf angle
 
GRMZM2G072820
Ren, ZZ et al. 2019. Plant Biotechnol J pp.doi: 10.1111/pbi.13255   LOC_Os04g54900 (MSU/TIGR)
Os04g0641700 (Gramene)
Reference: September 19th, 2019
Gene Product: September 14th, 2016
Variation: September 19th, 2019
Gene Model: September 19th, 2019
24 days agostk5 serine/threonine-protein kinase5:
 
GRMZM2G334791
Zheng, XX et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00444     Reference: September 19th, 2019
Gene Product: May 13th, 2014
Gene Model: September 19th, 2019
24 days agosnrkII11 SnRK2 serine threonine protein kinase 11:
6.05
GRMZM2G063961
Zheng, XX et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00444     Reference: September 19th, 2019
Gene Product: April 14th, 2018
Gene Model: February 11th, 2015
24 days agosnrkII2 SnRK2 serine threonine protein kinase2: induced by cold, salt and ABA
7.04
GRMZM2G056732
Zheng, XX et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00444     Reference: September 19th, 2019
Gene Product: April 14th, 2018
Gene Model: February 11th, 2015
24 days agosnrkII5 SnRK2 serine threonine kinase5:
10.07
GRMZM2G110908
Zheng, XX et al. 2019. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.19.00444     Reference: September 19th, 2019
Gene Product: April 14th, 2018
Gene Model: February 11th, 2015
25 days agodek1 defective kernel1: germless; colorless (mosaic) aleurone; floury white endosperm; anthocyanins and carotenoids absent; cultured embryos not obtained (aka clf1, gay1)
1.03
   Sheridan, WF; Neuffer, MG pp.105-122 in Reddy, GM and Coe, EH (eds). 1983. Gene Structure and Function in Higher Plants     Reference: September 18th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 8th, 2018
25 days agodek12 defective kernel12: collapsed endosperm; lethal; cultured embryos green, narrow-leaved, curled
9.00 - 9.03
   Sheridan, WF; Neuffer, MG pp.105-122 in Reddy, GM and Coe, EH (eds). 1983. Gene Structure and Function in Higher Plants     Reference: September 18th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
25 days agohsf1 hairy sheath frayed1: dominant Hsf1 plants have pubescent sheaths and leaf margins; liguled enations at leaf marginscytokinin receptor; cytokinin responsive histidine protein kinase
5.06 - 5.07
GRMZM2G151223
Bird, RMcK and Neuffer, MG 1985. pp.818-822 in Freeling, M (ed). 1985.Alan R Liss, Inc, New York     Reference: September 18th, 2019
Gene Product: May 20th, 2016
Variation: August 23rd, 2019
Gene Model: August 23rd, 2019
25 days agoles3 lesion3: like les1; large, elliptical, necrotic lesions
10.02 - 10.03
   Walbot, V et al. 1983. pp.431-442 in Kosuge, T et al. 1983.Plenum Press, NY     Reference: September 18th, 2019
Variation: May 20th, 2006
25 days agoles8 lesion8: dominant Les8 plants have late expression of small, pale green lesions
9.02
   Bird, RMcK and Neuffer, MG 1985. pp.818-822 in Freeling, M (ed). 1985.Alan R Liss, Inc, New York     Reference: September 18th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
25 days agolxm1 lax midrib1: dominant Lxm1 plants have leaves with wide, flat, flexible midrib. Leaf-like structures (flaps) can form on the surface of the leaf above veins.
3.06
   Bird, RMcK and Neuffer, MG 1985. pp.818-822 in Freeling, M (ed). 1985.Alan R Liss, Inc, New York     Reference: September 18th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
25 days agopro1 proline responding1: (allele o6) crumpled opaque kernel; green-striped lethal seedling; responds to proline in culture
8.04
GRMZM2G375504
Sheridan, WF; Neuffer, MG pp.105-122 in Reddy, GM and Coe, EH (eds). 1983. Gene Structure and Function in Higher Plants     Reference: September 18th, 2019
Gene Product: March 19th, 2015
Variation: September 18th, 2018
Gene Model: June 22nd, 2014
25 days agoles12 lesion12: dominant Les12 plants have many small to medium, chlorotic to necrotic lesions on the leaf blade beginning at 5 leaf stage
10.00 - 10.03
   Walbot, V et al. 1983. pp.431-442 in Kosuge, T et al. 1983.Plenum Press, NY     Reference: September 18th, 2019
Variation: October 21st, 2003
25 days agorld1 rolled leaf1: in dominant Rld1 plants, leaves are tightly rolled and tend to be entangled; ligular flaps on abaxial surface of leaf; resembles Ce1
9.07 - 9.08
   Bird, RMcK and Neuffer, MG 1985. pp.818-822 in Freeling, M (ed). 1985.Alan R Liss, Inc, New York     Reference: September 18th, 2019
Gene Product: October 6th, 2015
Variation: June 30th, 2012
25 days agodnj*-N1534 defective navajoN1534: crumpled floury defective kernel with tendency for normal tissue around the silk attachment. Embryos germinate in tissue culture and grow best on enriched media; nonviable seedling
5.05 - 5.09
   Sheridan, WF; Neuffer, MG pp.105-122 in Reddy, GM and Coe, EH (eds). 1983. Gene Structure and Function in Higher Plants     Reference: September 18th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
25 days agomn5 miniature5: small kernel with loose pericarp, tiny green seedling
5.04
   Sheridan, WF; Neuffer, MG pp.105-122 in Reddy, GM and Coe, EH (eds). 1983. Gene Structure and Function in Higher Plants     Reference: September 18th, 2019
Variation: February 9th, 2006
25 days agorgh*-N1524 roughN1524: floury etched kernel; grainy virescent seedling
10.00 - 10.02
   Sheridan, WF; Neuffer, MG pp.105-122 in Reddy, GM and Coe, EH (eds). 1983. Gene Structure and Function in Higher Plants     Reference: September 18th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
25 days agosmk*-N1529 small kernelN1529: small kernel; yellow green necrotic seedling
5.00 - 5.04
   Sheridan, WF; Neuffer, MG pp.105-122 in Reddy, GM and Coe, EH (eds). 1983. Gene Structure and Function in Higher Plants     Reference: September 18th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
26 days agosn1 scutellar node color1: anthocyanin in coleoptile, nodes, auricle, leaf blade, etc. (compare Lc1 and Hopi1)
10.06
   Gavazzi, G et al. pp.91-103 in Reddy, GM and Coe, EH (eds). 1986. Gene Structure and Function in Higher Plants     Reference: September 17th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: December 24th, 2009
26 days agodxs2 deoxy xylulose synthase 2: root specific; function inferred from sequence and expression pattern comparison with Medicago trunculata genes
9.03
GRMZM2G493395
Fang, H et al. 2019. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14539     Reference: September 17th, 2019
Gene Product: August 17th, 2004
Variation: September 17th, 2019
Gene Model: December 9th, 2011
27 days agobnlg565  : similar to Arabidopsis folate transporter 1
5.01
GRMZM5G840435
Suzuki, M et al. 2019. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14535     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: June 15th, 2018
27 days agocsu582  : similar to Arabidopsis Pyridoxal biosynthesis protein PDX1.3
7.00
GRMZM2G120652
Suzuki, M et al. 2019. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14535     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: September 4th, 2018
27 days agobm4 brown midrib4: mutant looks like bm1; encodes folylpolyglutamate synthetase
9.08
GRMZM2G393334
Suzuki, M et al. 2019. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14535     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: December 17th, 2014
Variation: December 17th, 2014
Gene Model: December 17th, 2014
27 days agolyce1 lycopene epsilon cyclase1: determines qualitative composition of endosperm carotenoids
8.05
GRMZM2G012966
Luo, H et al. 2019. Food Chemistry pp.doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.125525     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: December 10th, 2011
Variation: October 3rd, 2011
Gene Model: October 3rd, 2011
27 days agops1 pink scutellum1: (aka vp7, lyc1, lycB) some alleles viviparous; endosperm and scutellum pink, seedling white with pink flush
5.04 - 5.04
   Luo, H et al. 2019. Food Chemistry pp.doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.125525     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: December 10th, 2011
Variation: March 30th, 2011
27 days agovp5 viviparous5: like vp2cDNA, strongest hybridization to this site; other sites are near o2, bnl17.25 and dup103; encodes a 2-step phytoene desaturase; SSR umc1070
1.02 - 1.02
   Luo, H et al. 2019. Food Chemistry pp.doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.125525     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: December 13th, 2011
Variation: March 4th, 2014
27 days agovp9 viviparous9: (was y7, z1, zds1) like vp2; vp9-4889 dormant, pale aleurone, pale green seedling
7.02
GRMZM2G454952
Luo, H et al. 2019. Food Chemistry pp.doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.125525     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: December 13th, 2011
Variation: March 25th, 2017
Gene Model: March 24th, 2017
27 days agoy1 yellow endosperm1: reduced carotenoid pigments in endosperm; some alleles affect chlorophyll in seedlings (e.g. y1-8549, y1-pb)
6.01
GRMZM2G300348
Luo, H et al. 2019. Food Chemistry pp.doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.125525     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: December 14th, 2011
Variation: August 26th, 2014
Gene Model: September 22nd, 2011
27 days agogpc4 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase4: C subunit, electrophoretic mobility, coding sequence homology to gpc3, unique 3' untranslated region
5.05
GRMZM2G176307
Sandhu, D et al. 2019. Funct Integr Genomics pp.doi: 10.1007/s10142-019-00707     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: December 13th, 2012
Gene Model: August 12th, 2014
27 days agolox10 lipoxygenase10: green leaf volatiles, circadian, herbivore defense; sequence predicts plastidic location; images show location in non-chlorophyll containing organelles
4.09
GRMZM2G015419
Sandhu, D et al. 2019. Funct Integr Genomics pp.doi: 10.1007/s10142-019-00707     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: January 3rd, 2018
Variation: June 6th, 2014
Gene Model: October 29th, 2015
27 days agodek33 defective kernel33: opaque, floury, dented, wrinkled kernel with floury endosperm; occasionally viviparous
5.04 - 5.05
GRMZM2G090068
Suzuki, M et al. 2019. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14535     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: November 13th, 2018
Variation: November 13th, 2018
Gene Model: November 13th, 2018
27 days agorrb2 related to retinoblastoma2: alternatively spliced cDNAs, ubiquitous, see rrb1
4.08
   Sandhu, D et al. 2019. Funct Integr Genomics pp.doi: 10.1007/s10142-019-00707     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: April 17th, 2015
27 days agocyp25 cytochrome P-450 25:
4.09
GRMZM2G070508
Sandhu, D et al. 2019. Funct Integr Genomics pp.doi: 10.1007/s10142-019-00707     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: March 25th, 2019
Gene Model: June 8th, 2018
27 days agolox1 lipoxygenase1: Full length cDNA is expressed in E. coli (Kim et al. 2003)
3.06
   Luo, H et al. 2019. Food Chemistry pp.doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.125525     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: November 13th, 2014
Variation: July 24th, 2008
27 days agosmk2 small kernel2: mutants are recessive embryo-lethal small kernel
4.10
GRMZM2G023528
Suzuki, M et al. 2019. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14535     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: April 14th, 2017
Variation: April 14th, 2017
Gene Model: April 14th, 2017
27 days agoc3h32 C3H-transcription factor32: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
7.04
AC233871.1_FG008
Sandhu, D et al. 2019. Funct Integr Genomics pp.doi: 10.1007/s10142-019-00707     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Variation: July 29th, 2004
Gene Model: June 21st, 2019
27 days agomybr88 MYB-related-transcription factor 88: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
4.09
GRMZM2G064328
Sandhu, D et al. 2019. Funct Integr Genomics pp.doi: 10.1007/s10142-019-00707     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: December 6th, 2016
27 days agohyd4 hydroxylase4: beta-carotene hydroxylase
 
GRMZM2G164318
Luo, H et al. 2019. Food Chemistry pp.doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.125525     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: December 13th, 2011
Variation: September 3rd, 2011
Gene Model: April 9th, 2013
27 days agocyp14 cytochrome P450 14: encodes CYP97C
 
GRMZM2G143202
Luo, H et al. 2019. Food Chemistry pp.doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.125525     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: June 3rd, 2015
Variation: June 3rd, 2015
Gene Model: April 8th, 2013
27 days agoko2 kaurene oxidase2:
 
GRMZM2G161472
Ding, YZ et al. 2019. Nature Plants pp.doi: 10.1038/s41477-019-0509-6     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: October 27th, 2014
Gene Model: October 27th, 2014
27 days agofgp2 folylpolyglutamate synthetase2: Paralog of bm4 also encoding FPGS
 
GRMZM5G869779
Suzuki, M et al. 2019. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14535     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: December 17th, 2014
Variation: December 17th, 2014
Gene Model: December 17th, 2014
27 days agoacco15 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase15:
 
GRMZM2G166639
Sandhu, D et al. 2019. Funct Integr Genomics pp.doi: 10.1007/s10142-019-00707     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: May 16th, 2016
Gene Model: May 16th, 2016
27 days agoslac4 slow anion channel-associated4:
 
GRMZM2G169951
Sandhu, D et al. 2019. Funct Integr Genomics pp.doi: 10.1007/s10142-019-00707     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: February 1st, 2018
Gene Model: February 1st, 2018
27 days agoirt1 iron-regulated transporter1:
 
GRMZM2G118821
Sandhu, D et al. 2019. Funct Integr Genomics pp.doi: 10.1007/s10142-019-00707     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: June 5th, 2019
Gene Model: June 5th, 2019
27 days agodek140 defective kernel140: mutant abolished the C-to-U editing of cox3-314, nad2-26 and nad5-1916 leads to accumulated reactive oxygen species and promoted programmed cell death in endosperm cells due to the dysfunction of mitochondrial complex I and IV
 
GRMZM2G304965
Sandhu, D et al. 2019. Funct Integr Genomics pp.doi: 10.1007/s10142-019-00707     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: September 7th, 2019
Gene Model: September 7th, 2019
27 days agokr1 kauralexin reductase1:
 
GRMZM2G394968
Ding, YZ et al. 2019. Nature Plants pp.doi: 10.1038/s41477-019-0509-6     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: September 16th, 2019
Gene Model: September 16th, 2019
27 days agokr2 kauralexin reductase2:
 
GRMZM2G073929
Ding, YZ et al. 2019. Nature Plants pp.doi: 10.1038/s41477-019-0509-6     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: September 16th, 2019
Gene Model: September 16th, 2019
27 days agoGRMZM2G095400  :
 
GRMZM2G095400
Suzuki, M et al. 2019. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14535     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: September 16th, 2019
Gene Model: September 16th, 2019
27 days agobio1 biotin1: knockout mutant has defective embryo
 
GRMZM2G102156
Suzuki, M et al. 2019. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14535     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: September 16th, 2019
Variation: September 16th, 2019
Gene Model: September 16th, 2019
27 days agoqpt1 quinolinate phosphoribosyltransferase1: mutant has defective kernel
 
GRMZM5G887647
Suzuki, M et al. 2019. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14535     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: September 16th, 2019
Variation: September 16th, 2019
Gene Model: September 16th, 2019
27 days agoIDP602  : similar to Electron transporter, putative (DUF179) of A. thaliana
8.04
GRMZM2G084274
Sandhu, D et al. 2019. Funct Integr Genomics pp.doi: 10.1007/s10142-019-00707     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Variation: March 30th, 2007
Gene Model: August 30th, 2019
27 days agopck2 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase homolog2: syntenic with pck1; leaf cDNA csu145, low copy, similar to yeast phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase
9.06
GRMZM5G870932
Sandhu, D et al. 2019. Funct Integr Genomics pp.doi: 10.1007/s10142-019-00707     Reference: September 16th, 2019
Gene Product: August 7th, 2014
Variation: September 26th, 2014
Gene Model: August 8th, 2014

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